Tatmadaw, Economic Role of

   Both in terms of control of economic enterprises and defense expenditures by the central government the Tatmadaw has played a dominant role in the economy of Burma. After Ne Win established the Revolutionary Council in March 1962, he ordered the nationalization of private firms, both foreign and domestic, in the name of the "Burmese Road to Socialism." Some 15,000 enterprises, large and small, were brought under government ownership in 23 state corporations. Management of the corporations became the responsibility of inexperienced and often corrupt military officers. After the establishment of the State Law and Order Restoration Council in 1988, the socialist economic system was, in principle, abandoned, and the private sector, both domestic and foreign, was given a greater economic role. But the Tatmadaw has remained the largest economic player through ownership and control of combines such as the Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings, Ltd. (UMEH), established in 1990, and the Myanmar Economic Corporation. These entities are involved in the majority of joint ventures established with foreign companies. Other state-owned enterprises fall under Tatmadaw control, and few civilian businesspeople in Burma are able to survive without a close informal, if not formal, relationship with high-ranking military officers.
   Although statistics are unreliable, defense expenditure in the late 1990s was estimated to be between 30 and 40 percent of total government budgets, not counting "hidden" subsidies, such as free electric power for military units. This amounted to around 4 percent of Burma's Gross National Product. Generous budgets for the Tatmadaw have resulted in serious neglect in other areas, especially spending for education and health care, which are regarded by many observers as being lower than during the 1962-1988 socialist period.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tatmadaw —    The armed forces of the Union of Myanmar. Because this Burmese term contains the honorific suffix daw, many persons critical of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) regime prefer the generic term sit tat ( army ). But Tatmadaw… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Tatmadaw — Myanmar Armed Forces တပ်မတော် Service branches …   Wikipedia

  • Tatmadaw, History of —    Although the dynastic states of precolonial Burma and British colonial Burma had their own armed forces, the present Burmese armed forces, the Tatmadaw, date their history to the establishment of the Burma Independence Army (BIA) in December… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Introduction —    When Burma (Myanmar) achieved independence from British colonial rule in 1948, many observers viewed it with its high standards of education and abundant natural resources as one of the Asian countries most likely to achieve economic… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Myanmar Armed Forces — The military of Myanmar, officially known as Tatmadaw (MYname|MY=တပ္မေတာ္|MLCTS=tap ma. taw; IPA2|taʔmədɔ̀) is the military organization of Myanmar, also known as Burma. The armed forces are administered by the Ministry of Defence and are… …   Wikipedia

  • Forces armées birmanes — Emblème de la Tatmadaw Les forces armées birmanes, officiellement connues sous le nom de Tatmadaw (birman တပ်မတော် …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bibliography —    CONTENTS    Introduction 488    I. General 493    1. Bibliographies and Research Guides 493    2. Directories, Handbooks, Statistical Abstracts, and Yearbooks 494    3. Guides 494    4. Travel and Description 494    II. History 496    1.… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Myanmar Army — တပ်မတော်(ကြည်း Myanmar Army Flag Active Country Myanmar …   Wikipedia

  • Communist Party of Burma — Not to be confused with Communist Party (Burma). Burma (Myanmar) This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Burma …   Wikipedia

  • Burma — Republic of the Union of Myanmar ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.